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How to help your child with phonics.

  • Listen for sounds every day.
  • Hold up an object and ask questions such as "What sounds can you hear in this word?"
  • Play games such as I-spy using phonic sounds, eg I spy with my little eye something beginning with (say letter sound) or with the sound 'ee' in it (depending on the phonemes they are currently learning)
  • Help your child to form the letters correctly (see sheet below) as they say the sound - this could be using their finger in the air or using a variety of drawing equipment, pencils, crayons, felt tips etc
  • Play a blending game eg you sound out the word f-ai-r-y and they have to say the word
  • Make sure you are using lower case letters and capital letters correctly
  • Use the letter name and the sound it makes
  • Digraphs are two letters that go together to make one sound eg ea, trigraphs are three letters that go together eg -igh.  A split digraph is in a word where the digraph has been split up eg, ie in white
  • We use 'pure' sounds when sounding out the letters, ie the shortest sound possible. For good examples of how to do this see Mr Thorne's phonics There are also videos for each letter sound and digraphs on this website.
  • Another good website for phonics games is Phonics Play There is lots of advice and interactive resources. Most children in Puffins are working on Phase 5 or Phase 6. Check with Ms Crichton to find out which is best for your child.

Letter formation sheet