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Phonics

How to help your child with phonics.

  • Listen for sounds every day.
  • Hold up an object and ask questions such as "What sounds can you hear in this word?"
  • Play games such as I-spy using phonic sounds, eg I spy with my little eye something beginning with (say letter sound) or with the sound 'ee' in it (depending on the phonemes they are currently learning)
  • Help your child to form the letters correctly (see sheet below) as they say the sound - this could be using their finger in the air or using a variety of drawing equipment, pencils, crayons, felt tips etc
  • Play a blending game eg you sound out the word f-ai-r-y and they have to say the word
  • Make sure you are using lower case letters and capital letters correctly
  • Use the letter name and the sound it makes
  • Digraphs are two letters that go together to make one sound eg ea, trigraphs are three letters that go together eg -igh.  A split digraph is in a word where the digraph has been split up eg, ie in white
  • We use 'pure' sounds when sounding out the letters, ie the shortest sound possible. For good examples of how to do this see Mr Thorne's phonics http://mrthorne.com/home/phonics/introduction/. There are also videos for each letter sound and digraphs on this website.
  • Another good website for phonics games is Phonics Play http://www.phonicsplay.co.uk/ParentsMenu.htm. There is lots of advice and interactive resources. Most children in Puffins are working on Phase 5 or Phase 6. Check with Ms Crichton to find out which is best for your child.

Letter formation sheet

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